Matsyasana – Fish Pose

Matsyasana – Fish Pose


Matsyasana is derived from the combination of the Sanskrit words Matsya(Fish) and asana (posture or pose). The reason for the name Matsyasana is, this pose resembles the position of the Fish; and the fish eats the dirt and clean the water. Likewise Matsyasana purifies the blood. It is called as Fish Pose in English.

Fish Pose should be practised with the Padmasana position. But beginners may find difficult to do Padmasana, they can practise with the straight legs.

Preparatory Poses for Matsyasana are Virasana, Setu Bandha Sarvangasana, Baddha Konasana, Urdhva Mukha Svanasana, Bhujangasana, Salabhasana, Dhanurasana and Supta Virasana; and the Follow-up Poses are Ustrasana, Gomukhasana, Virasana, SuptaVirasana and Setu Bandha Sarvangasana

Steps Involved:

  1. Start with stay flat on your back.
  2. Slide your hands below your buttocks, palms down.
  3. Inhale; Press the elbow and forearm against the floor.
  4. Slowly arch your back and continue till the head touches the floor.
  5. During the arching process, you can use the elbows to give support the weight of the trunk.
  6. Lift your chest towards Roof.
  7. The entire body weight will rest on the buttocks and the head and to some extend the hands.
  8. Remain in this position for few seconds (30 to 60 seconds) or until you are comfortable.
  9. Breathing should be normal
  10. Slowly exit the pose by come back to flat your back.
  11. Repeat all the above steps at least thrice.


  • Reduces the belly fat.
  • Stretches the chest and neck
  • Reduces the breathing problems.
  • Tones the pituitary, pineal glands and parathyroid.
  • Expands the chest and lungs.
  • Relieves asthma and bronchitis.
  • Improves the digestion.
  • Helps to reduce the Headache.
  • Regular practise of Matsyasana helps to cure the Impotency.
  • Reduces the forward neck pain. (It is the Best for, Those who sitting for long hours in front of computers or driving long distance.)
  • Deep breathes helps to strengthen the lungs.
  • Gives the good deep sleep.
  • Prevents from the chances of affecting by the diseases such as leprosy skin diseases and seizure.

Dos, Don’ts and Tips:

People with the following problem please avoid practising this pose, or practise under the expert’s supervisions and doctor’s advice.

  • Insomnia
  • Blood pressure
  • Migraine
  • Neck injury
  • Recent back problems

Practise this yoga daily, will yield the better results.

It’s good to do this pose in the morning with empty stomach.

Using this asana one can float on water. (Please do not try in the river or sea, rather practise safely in the swimming pool)